These days websites are considered as the ‘identity’ of an individual, business, or company on the internet. The word ‘Website Development’ is quite self-explanatory and Yes! it has a lot to do with programming or coding, and the person who uses code, programming skills to build any website called ‘Website Developer’. Typically, website development is described as the collective work of designing, building, and maintaining a website. It also covers various aspects ranging from publishing to handling the data management system of a website. It is important to understand that there is a significant gap between web design and website development, which is Web design includes shaping up a website by sketching or photoshop whereas website development refers to magical tasks of making that web design ‘alive’ in front of users on the internet.
It is worth mentioning that a web developer has to wear different hats at the same time to make the website functioning as well as pleasure for eyes. Each of the hats allows a developer to work on the different aspects of a website.
Understanding Front-end, Back-end & Full-Stack Development
To understand the term website development more closely, the process of developing any website is usually broken down into three parts, those are Front-end, Back-end, and Full-stack development of a website. Both Front-end and Back-end work together simultaneously to provide the best user experience while visiting or using the website.
By definition, front-end development deals with designing and building the front look of the website which shows up in front of users. The front end development allows a web developer to work with visual aspects, including the layout, navigation, graphics, and other aesthetics elements of a website. For instance, front end web devs are like ‘civil-engineers’ who not only design but also build the outlook of the website. The significant factor of the front end developing is that it determines how your website will create an impression before users or your potential customers. That’s why you need to get more creative here by maintaining the best user experience because top priority to UX (user experience) can generate more traffic as well as boost your sales.
Here is the roadmap of becoming a Front-end Web developer
Chart created by GitHub user Kamranahmedse
“If you become front-end you'll count the likes on social media. If you become back-end you'll be breathing deep on a mountain.” --- Chetan M. Kumbhar.
Back-end development plays the most prominent role in terms of ensuring maximum security for the site, performance issues, managing databases, and above all monitoring user’s behavior more closely. Those who are engaged and skilled to execute the above-mentioned tasks are known as the Back-end developer. A Back-end developer’s role is more crucial than the Front-end developer because he/she is more responsible for delivering the best user experience to the users.
To put the term Back-end development in the definition it refers to the process of handling the functionality from behind, it is quite similar to a Car’s machine because while someone is driving the car they are only enjoying their ride but what is ‘under the hood’ is responsible for making that car faster, smoother, and more enjoyable. Moreover, making updates and changes in addition to monitoring functionality of the site will be back developer's primary responsibility. This type of web development usually consists of three parts: a server, an application, and a database.
Okay! Apart from the responsibility of a Back-end website developer, you must be curious to know how you can become a Back-end website developer. Well, to become a Back-end developing expert, first of all, you must have a clear knowledge of HTML, CSS. In addition, you also must have a strong grip on programming languages such as Java, PHP, Ruby on Rails, Python, and .Net to get your job done. Moreover, you will be mainly handling the speed and responsiveness of your website. However, tools like MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server to find, save, or change data and serve it back to the user in the front-end code.
Here is the road map of becoming a Back-end developer
Chart created by GitHub user Kamranahmedse
To define the term Full-stack development it refers to the amalgamation of both Front and Back- end development of a website. Basically, it deals with all the aspects of a website. Full-stack web devs have the ability to design complete web applications and websites. They work on the frontend, backend, database, and debugging of web applications or websites. So, if you want to become a Full-stack website developer you need to learn and grow your skills on all the necessary elements of website development including Front and Back-end development. And, interestingly, those who have all the skills under his/her belt can be famed as ‘Best Web Developer’. Note that, follow both roadmaps to become a Full-stack website developer. All the best!
On the whole, website development is not that hard and not that easy at the same time. It is true that one cannot design and build a website overnight, unless he/she uses Wix, pre-installed theme. It takes patience, time, and energy to build a user-friendly website which can ultimately reward boost in sales as well as get recognition in the competition with others in the market.